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亚愽首页下载-“体测害了一代人”
发布时间:2021-09-28 02:45:01

Former international: I won't kick when I get angry!

前国际球员:我生气时不会踢!

At the end of September, Chinese swimming star Fu Yuanhui won the first place in a domestic swimming qualifier, but in the end he missed the final because he failed the physical test. Ye Shiwen and Wang Jian Jiahe also failed to enter the final for the same reason. The news immediately reached the top of the hot search and aroused the attention of all sectors of society.

9月底,中国游泳明星付元辉在国内游泳预选赛中获得了第一名,但最终他因为体检不合格而错过了决赛。叶世文和王建佳和也因为同样的原因未能进入决赛。这则新闻立即成为热门搜索的话题,并引起了社会各界的关注。

In addition, the Chinese Chess Division A starting in September also requires physical testing, and the various physical testing "confusion behavior awards" have surprised netizens.

此外,中国象棋A分部从9月开始也需要进行身体检查,而各种身体检查的“混乱行为奖”令网民感到惊讶。

Some people propose to include the college entrance examination to improve the cultural level of athletes. Some people suggested that the swimming team and the Go team should practice football first, and then go to the competition after passing the test, so as to take the opportunity to improve the level of the national football team and enter the World Cup soon.

有人建议包括高考,以提高运动员的文化水平。有人建议游泳队和围棋队先练习足球,然后再通过考试后再参加比赛,以借此机会提高国家足球队的水平,并尽快参加世界杯。

Having said that, physical test is not a strange word to Chinese football. Since the establishment of the professional league in 1994, physical testing has been accompanied by generations of Chinese players.

话虽如此,体检对中国足球来说并不是一个奇怪的词。自1994年建立职业联赛以来,身体测试一直伴随着几代中国选手的到来。

In the words of many former international players, physical testing has harmed a generation.

用许多以前的国际参与者的话来说,物理测试伤害了一代人。

In 2007, in order to get a certificate for the Chinese Super League, the international footballer Yang Pu, who had not healed from his foot injury, chose to play closed and complete the annual YOYO physical test.

2007年,为了获得中国超级联赛的证书,没有因脚伤而international愈的国际足球运动员杨璞选择封闭比赛并完成年度YOYO体格检查。

However, after he completed 55 turns, he was immediately called to stop by the examiner because he made two small mistakes in the middle, and the physical test failed. (YOYO physical test requires athletes to complete 57 irregular turnback runs within 13 minutes, totaling 2280 meters)

但是,完成55转后,由于中间有两个小错误,而体格检查失败,考官立即叫他停下来。 (YOYO体格测试要求运动员在13分钟内完成57次不规则的转身跑,总计2280米)

Yang Pu was lucky. Despite the grievances, he persisted and played for 2 more years. In 2009, after Guoan won the Vulcan Cup, the 02 World Cup feat announced his retirement. At this time, he was only 31 years old.

杨浦很幸运。尽管有不满,他仍然坚持并参加了两年的比赛。 2009年,国安队赢得了火神杯冠军之后,02世界杯的壮举宣布了他的退役。此时,他只有31岁。

The peak who also played in Guoan was not so lucky. In 2003, in the first YOYO physical test, the football prodigal surrendered and announced his retirement.

还曾在国安队打球的顶峰不是那​​么幸运。 2003年,在第一次YOYO体格检查中,足球浪子投降并宣布退役。

"Because I obviously ran, the examiner told me that I didn't have one, so I couldn't say no to kick." After retiring, Gao Feng recalled the YOYO test that year. It was a pity: "Without these tests from the Football Association, our generation might It takes longer to play."

“因为我显然跑了,考官告诉我我没有一个,所以我不能说不踢。”退休后,高峰回忆了当年的YOYO测试。遗憾的是:“如果没有足协的测试,我们这一代人可能需要更长的时间才能上场。”

Former international footballers Li Yi and Wang Qiang also have similar views: "YOYO physical test is a very headache for every club, because after all, half of the energy and time will be put on YOYO during spring training. For those with physical difficulties, additional training is required. It has a great impact on the team's technical and tactical exercises and running-in."

前国际足球运动员李毅和王强也有类似的看法:“ YOYO体能测试对每个俱乐部来说都是非常头痛的事情,因为毕竟在春季训练期间,一半的精力和时间都将放在YOYO上。对于那些身体有困难的人,需要额外的培训。这对团队的技术和战术练习以及磨合有很大影响。”

"As a player, I personally think that kicking depends on brain and technique, and physical fitness is the most basic requirement. If a player can't even run, what kind of ball do you play? YOYO physical test is just a form. At that time, our daily training volume is much greater than the intensity of the YOYO physical test. In fact, as long as you train well, the YOYO physical test is not important."

“作为一名球员,我个人认为踢取决于大脑和技术,而身体适应性是最基本的要求。如果球员甚至不能跑步,那么您会打哪种球?YOYO身体测试只是一种形式。当时,我们的日常训练量远远大于YOYO体检的强度。实际上,只要训练得好,YOYO体检就不重要了。”

At that time, the national footballers complained endlessly about the YOYO physical test project. Such voices appeared in newspapers and TV more than once, and the senior officials of the Football Association did not know it.

当时,国家足球运动员对YOYO身体测试项目无休止地抱怨。这样的声音不止一次出现在报纸和电视上,而且足协的高级官员也不知道。

So why did the senior leaders of the Football Association at that time insisted on pursuing such an "industry standard"?

那么,当时的足协高层领导人为什么坚持追求这种“行业标准”呢?

At the 2003 spring training mobilization meeting, Yan Shiduo, then vice chairman of the Football Association, said that this was to improve the style of work: "Chinese football must have a sense of crisis, everyone must implement the three-in-one training program, and start with hard words. On the basis of strengthening physical fitness and style, we will comprehensively improve the quality of Chinese football training."

在2003年春季训练动员会议上,时任足协副主席的严世铎说,这是为了改善工作作风:“中国足球必须有一种危机感,每个人都必须实施三合一训练节目,从硬道理开始。在增强体质和风格的基础上,我们将全面提高中国足球训练的质量。”

Compared to the YOYO test, there is another well-known physical test in Chinese football-12-minute running.

与YOYO测试相比,中国足球12分钟跑步还有另一项著名的身体测试。

Some time ago, Meituan CEO Wang Xing was on a hot search because of this: "Foreign aid can run three to four kilometers in 12 minutes, but Chinese players can't even reach the 28 or 29 passing line. Professional athletes can't run Tsinghua students."

前段时间,美团首席执行官王星受到热烈追捧,原因是:“外国援助可以在12分钟内跑三到四公里,但是中国选手甚至无法达到28或29岁的传球路线。专业运动员不能办清华学生。”

Before discussing the 12-minute running, let’s take a look at a set of 12-minute running test chart invented by Cooper, the father of American aerobics.

在讨论12分钟跑步运动之前,让我们看一看美国有氧运动之父库珀(Cooper)发明的12分钟跑步测试图表。

From this group of pictures, it can be seen that men in their 20s are already very good at running more than 3200 meters in 12 minutes. Men in their 30s are also excellent at running above 3100 meters.

从这组照片中可以看出,二十多岁的男人已经非常擅长在12分钟内跑超过3200米的运动。 30多岁的男子在3100米以上的跑动方面也很出色。

In this year's "Spring Training", the Football Association's 12-minute running requirement for club players is also 3,200 meters. It can be seen that more than 20 years ago, when the physical function was not as good as the current Super League players, how strict this selection threshold was.

在今年的“春季训练”中,足协对俱乐部球员的12分钟跑步要求也为3200米。可以看出,二十多年前,当身体功能不如现在的中超联赛球员时,这个选择门槛有多严格。

However, since 1994, the Chinese Football Association has used a set of standards to determine the life and death of players.

但是,自1994年以来,中国足球协会使用了一套标准来确定球员的生死。

"For those of us young players back then, we were able to run to 3300 meters in 12 minutes, which was directly waived (passing line 3200, life and death line 2900, life and death line can be supplemented). But this standard applies to old players, they really It's not easy."

“对于我们当时的年轻球员,我们能够在12分钟内跑到3300米,直接放弃了(通过3200号线,生死线2900,生死线可以补充。)但此标准适用对于老玩家来说,这确实不容易。”

Yang Pu, who was promoted to the Guoan first team when he was only 20 years old, has witnessed too many such physical test scenes, and now he still remembers it vividly. "Some players are on the court and he can score goals and run long distances with the ball, but if you let him run for 12 minutes alone, he may not be able to do it."

20岁那年就晋升为国安一线队的杨璞目睹了太多这样的体能测试场景,现在他仍然记忆犹新。 “有些球员在场上,他可以得分,可以远距离得分,但是如果你让他一个人跑12分钟,他也许就做不到。”

In the first year of professionalism, the classic case that was brushed down in 12 minutes is undoubtedly the former international footballer Li Hongjun. Because there was no ball to play for a year, the Jilin international also lost his main position in the national football team. In the same year, because of fear of the 12-minute run and the 25-meter turnback physical test, the cold-faced killer Gao Hongbo chose to leave his homeland and go to Singapore to play.

在职业生涯的第一年,在12分钟内被淘汰的经典案例无疑是前国际足球运动员李洪军。由于一年没有球比赛,吉林国脚也失去了在国家足球队的主要位置。同年,由于担心12分钟的跑步和25米的折返身体测试,冷酷的杀手高洪波选择离开家乡去新加坡踢球。

"My biggest problem is physical fitness. I am getting older. In order to come back and play football, the Guoan Club also hired me a track and field coach." In the spring of 1995, Gao Hongbo returned to Beijing and began to improve his physical fitness.

“我最大的问题是身体健康。我正在变老。为了回来踢足球,国安俱乐部还雇了我一名田径教练。” 1995年春,高洪波回到北京,开始提高身体素质。

After the operation, the physical coach Mao Yixuan at the time shook his head one after another, not optimistic that the international footballer could pass the physical test and get the qualification certificate for the post:

手术后,当时的体育教练毛一轩接连摇了摇头,对国际足球运动员可以通过体检并获得该职位的资格证书并不乐观:

"His maximum oxygen intake is only 48, and the middle and long distance running distances are at least 70 or more, which is not as good as the little girl..."

“他的最大摄氧量仅为48,中长跑距离至少为70或更多,不及小女孩...”

After two months of long-distance running training, Gao Hongbo finally got the A-A certificate. This year, he scored 11 goals for Guoan and won the league silver boots.

经过两个月的长跑训练,高洪波终于获得了A-A证书。今年,他为国安队打进11球,赢得了联赛银靴。

Gao Hongbo’s phenomenon is not an exception. The former TEDA star Gen Wei is also very bitter: "The annual winter training should be the time for the team to store physical fitness, hone the lineup, play style and tactics. Now it will take another month. Time to practice running, we have less time to touch the ball."

高洪波的现象也不例外。前泰达球星根伟也非常痛苦:“每年的冬季训练应该是球队保持身体健康,磨练阵容,打法和战术的时候。现在还需要一个月。练习跑步的时间,我们有更少的时间去触球。”

"Many players can't pass the physical test, even many of the world's top national team players. Although they may not be able to play according to the standards of the Chinese Football Association, they are still excellent players and can still be on the court like fish in water. If you are in Doing so will lose more outstanding players." Former Sichuan Quanxing coach Milosi also criticized the employment standards of the Chinese professional league in an interview that year.

“许多球员都无法通过身体测试,甚至许多世界顶级国家队球员也无法通过。尽管他们可能无法按照中国足协的标准进行比赛,但他们仍然是出色的球员,仍然可以继续前进。球场上的鱼就像水中的鱼。如果您这样做,将会失去更多优秀的球员。”四川全兴前教练米洛西在当年的一次采访中也批评了中国职业联赛的就业标准。

In 2011, as the compliance rate of many Chinese professional athletes in the YOYO physical test approached 100%, the Chinese Football Association also returned the autonomy of the physical test to the club, allowing the team to conduct scientific and rational geo-physical testing based on its actual situation.

2011年,由于许多中国职业运动员在YOYO体格检查中的符合率达到100%,中国足球协会也将体格检查的自主权交还给俱乐部,从而使球队能够进行科学合理的地球物理测试。根据其实际情况。

Football is a competitive sport, and physical fitness is undoubtedly the basis and prerequisite for players to play various skills and tactics.

足球是一项竞技运动,而身体素质无疑是运动员发挥各种技巧和战术的基础和前提。

Before the professionalization of Chinese football, compared with professional players in Europe, America, Japan and South Korea, the running ability of Chinese players was obviously insufficient.

在中国足球专业化之前,与欧洲,美国,日本和韩国的专业运动员相比,中国足球运动员的跑步能力明显不足。

After 90 minutes of the game, the physical fitness of the national football players is often difficult to cope with, repeatedly unable to attack in the final stage, unable to defend, black three minutes, black five minutes have become the most memorable memories of that generation of Chinese fans.

经过90分钟的比赛,国家足球运动员的身体素质常常难以应付,在最后阶段屡屡无法进攻,无法防守,黑三分钟,黑五分钟已成为人们最难忘的回忆。中国球迷的一代。

Against this background, Nian Weisi, then chairman of the Football Association, and Wang Junsheng, vice chairman, made a bold move and set the "12-minute run with endurance as an assessment indicator" as a mandatory test for professional players.

在这种背景下,当时的足协主席念维斯和副主席王俊生采取了大胆的举措,并将“以耐力跑12分钟作为评估指标”作为对职业球员的强制性测试。

But football itself is a complex sport. The physical requirements for athletes are not only running, but also include strength, speed, endurance, coordination, flexibility, agility, bounce, explosive power and other dimensions.

但是足球本身是一项复杂的运动。对运动员的身体要求不仅是奔跑,还包括力量,速度,耐力,协调性,柔韧性,敏捷性,弹跳力,爆发力和其他方面。

Take running on the court, it can also be subdivided into running without a ball, running with a ball; running at a constant speed, and sprinting. On the green field, how players learn to run better and help the team send the ball into the opponent's gate is often more meaningful than simply running. After all, football players are on the court, not track and field players.

以在球场上奔跑为例,也可以分为无球奔跑,有球奔跑;以恒定的速度运行并冲刺。在绿色领域,玩家学习如何更好地奔跑并帮助球队将球传到对手的大门上通常比简单奔跑更有意义。毕竟,足球运动员是在场上,而不是田径场上的球员。

However, these cannot be improved with a single physical test.

但是,仅凭一次物理测试就无法改善这些问题。

"Physical test can be used as a project, but you must not influence an athlete's love of football because of this thing, let alone use a test to determine the life and death of an athlete." Regarding the original intention of the Football Association to implement the physical test, Yang Pu after retiring. Still brooding.

“体能测试可以作为一个项目,但由于这一点,您不能影响运动员对足球的热爱,更不用说使用测试来确定运动员的生与死了。”关于足协实施体检的初衷,杨璞退役后。还在沉思。

Looking at the world today, Messi, who is as strong as 6 golden balls, will also be criticized by the outside world for "not good enough", such as Zhang Lu. But what does it matter? Messi's strength and influence are still there, and the teams chasing him are all ranked in France.

纵观当今世界,像六个金球一样坚强的梅西也将因外界的“不够出色”而受到批评,例如张露。但是有什么关系呢?梅西的实力和影响力仍然存在,追逐他的球队都在法国排名。

Whether it is highly professional football, swimming under the national system, or chess for non-Olympic events, these events are on the real bayonet field, but it is not just physical fitness that is examined.

无论是高度专业的足球,在国家体系下游泳还是在非奥林匹克运动会上使用国际象棋,这些事件都亚愽首页下载在真正的刺刀领域上进行,但不仅要检查身体素质。

We cannot deny that excellent physical fitness is an advantage for some athletes in certain events. But whether this long board is suitable for a certain type of project, how useful it can be during the competition, whether it has been researched and verified before being included in the assessment, whether it is scientifically rigorous, and whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages are all worthy of industry makers to ponder.

我们不能否认出色的身体健康对某些比赛中的某些运动员是有利的。但是,这种长板是否适合某种类型的项目,在比赛中有多大用处,是否在进行评估之前已经过研究和验证,科学上是否严格,优势是否大于劣势?都值得行业制造商思考。

After all, what competitive sports ultimately looks at is performance, which determines the fate of certain athletes.

毕竟,竞技体育最终要看的是性能,它决定了某些运动员的命运。

END

结束

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